Besides being the dream destination of the holidaymakers, Ladakh is a paradise for wildlife enthusiasts. A number of exotic animals and bird species are an essential part of the wildlife in Ladakh. The land houses a variety of flora and fauna that have adapted itself to the extreme temperatures. Not only the wildlife lovers, but also the photography fanatics can pursue their passion amidst the backdrop of dramatic mountains, clear sky and azure lakes. Embark on a wildlife tour to Ladakh and see what the ‘Land of High Passes’ has in store for you.
Flora and Fauna in Ladakh
A huge variety of flora and fauna including some endangered species of animals are found in Ladakh. Ladakh is a home to various animals and plants, some of them are mentioned below.
Flora of Ladakh
In spite of the altitude of the region and rugged nature of its terrain, sparse vegetation can be seen here. A few valleys of the region are quite fertile and besides the certain agricultural crops and plants, some willow groves, herbs and wild roses are grown here. About 1,100 medicinal plants were also spotted here.
Fauna of Ladakh
One can easily spot a number of animals roaming freely in their natural habitat. Hemis National Park is also a top tourist attractions in Ladakh to spot the amazing fauna at a single place. Yaks, ibex, Tibetan hare, Blue sheep, wild ass, Bharal, Marmot, the Tibetan antelope, also called the Chiru and the Snow Leopard etc. are part of ecosystem of Ladakh.
Avifauna of Ladakh
Nearly 310 species of avifauna contributes to the avifauna of Ladakh. Golden Eagle, Lamagier, Wall creeper, Rock Bunting, Black necked crane, Himalayan Snowcock make Ladakh a must visit destination to marvel at superb avifauna.
Famous National Parks or Wildlife Sanctuaries in Ladakh
Hemis National Park
Nestled in the eastern Ladakh region, Hemis National Park is famed for housing the Snow Leopards. Also known as the High Altitude National Park, the park is largest notified protected area in India. Numerous species of endangered mammals reside at the park in their natural habitat. The park also enjoys amazing geographical conditions by being bounded by the banks of Indus River on the north. It also includes catchments of the Sumdah, Markha, Rumbak and parts of Zanskar Range.
Changtang Wildlife Sanctuary
Surrounded by two world-famous and large water lakes, Pangong Tso and Tso Moriri, the Changtang Wildlife Sanctuary is a paradise for wildlife lovers. The Sanctuary is a home to many species of fauna and flora. More than 200 species of wild plants grow in the higher pastures of the area. Alternatively known as the Changthang Cold Desert Wildlife Sanctuary, it is one of the few important places in India where rare black-necked crane and Tibetan wild ass reside.
Best time to Visit
April to mid-May is the summer season and is the best time to visit Ladakh for a wildlife tour. Winter can also be chosen to spot a Snow Leopard.
Any permission or permits required
No permit is required to Hemis National Park or explore wildlife in Ladakh.